What is Biomass?
In many regards, biomass can be considered a form of stored solar energy, since plants use this energy to capture CO2 and water through photosynthesis. Moreover, it is a non-fossil fuel, neutral from the point of view of the carbon cycle.
The CO2 emissions, which come from carbon taken from the atmosphere in the same biological cycle, do not increase the greenhouse effect. Its use contributes to the reduction of CO2 emissions into the atmosphere, whenever it replaces a fossil fuel.
What is Bio-G?
Bio-G is an energy crop cultivated by a local Israeli laboratory from superior clones of the Poaceae family. It is a cane like plant growing at 1 meter (3 ft) per month. It can be harvested 3 times per year. The harvested biomass contains 52% humidity content (HC) and dries in one week to the required 30% HC or lower. It does not absorb water and can be dried outside.
- Resistant to plagues and disease
- No need for pesticide applications
- Endures harsh conditions such as excess humidity and inferior soil types
- Grows almost any were
- Very high capacity for re-sprouting after harvest (15 years)
- Produces infertile seeds preventing it from colonizing over other areas
The Worlds Top Energy Crop
1 ha (hectare) of Bio-G produces 112 tons of dried biomass per year. This is almost 4 times the amount produced with other forms of biomass making Bio-G the best yielding energy crop per ha.
1 ha = 10,000 m2 = 0.01 km2 = 2.47 acre
To reduce the cost of storage and transportation, Bio-G can be compacted up to a 1:7 ratio.
To produce electric power Bio-G is burned in a boiler to create steam. The steam will power a steam turbine which powers the electric generator.